About this site | Join our Book Club | About the Author  
Culture of IRAN
LeftMenu
RightMenu
Enter Your Email Address: 
Culture of Iran
 
Culture of IRAN   Culture of IRAN
 
 
 
Home » Religion » Islam in Iran, Safavid Era
 
Culture of Iran Culture of Iran
 
R E L I G I O N
Islam in Iran, Safavid Era
by:
Encyclopedia Iranica
Partition

Jean-Louis Bacqué-Grammont, Les Ottomans, les Safavides et leurs voisins, Istanbul, 1987, p. 83, n. 231. Vasiliĭ V. Barthold, Istoriko-geograficheskiĭ obzor Irana, in idem, Sochineniya (Collected works) VII, Moscow, 1971, pp. 31-228; tr. Svat Soucek as An Historical Geography of Iran, Princeton, 1984. Shahzad Bashir, Messianic Hopes and Mystical Visions: the Nūrbakhshīya between Medieval and Modern Islam, Columbia, S.C., 2003. Idem, Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis, Oxford, 2005. Alessandro Bausani, “Religion under the Mongols,” in Camb. Hist. Iran V, pp. 538-49. Idem, Persia Religiosa: da Zaratustra a Bahâʾu’llâh, Milan, 1959. Serge de Laugier de Beaurecueil, Khwāja ʿAbdullāh Anṣāri: Mystique Hanbalite, Beirut, 1963. Matthijs van den Bos, Mystic Regimes: Sufism and the State in Iran, from the Late Qajar Era to the Islamic Republic, Leiden, 2002. J. T. P. de Bruijn, “Iran: vi. Religions,” in EI2 IV, pp. 43-52. Martin van Bruinessen, ed., l’Islam des Kurdes, Paris, 1999. Richard M. Bulliet, Conversion to Islam in the Medieval Period: An Essay in Quantitative History, Cambridge, Mass., 1979. Jean Calmard, “Les rituels shiites et le pouvoir: l’imposition du shiisme safavide: eulogie et malédictions canoniques,” in idem, ed., Études Safavides, Paris and Tehran, 1993, pp. 109-50. Werner Caskel, “Ein Mahdī des 15. Jahrhunderts: Saijid Muḥammad b. Falāḥ und seine Nachkommen,” Islamica 4/1, 1929, pp. 49-93. Jacqueline Chabbi, “Reflexions sur le Soufisme Iranien Primitif,” JA 216, 1978, pp. 37-55. Jean Chardin, Voyages en Perse, Paris, 1811, VI. Juan Cole, “Shiʿi Clerics in Iraq and Iran, 1722-1780: The Akhbari-Usuli Conflict Reconsidered,” Iranian Studies 18/1, 1985, pp. 3-34. Henry Corbin, En Islam Iranien: aspects spirituels et philosophiques, 4 vols., Paris, 1971-72. Farhad Daftary, The Ismāʿilis: Their History and Doctrines, Cambridge, 1990. Idem, A Short History of the Ismailis: Traditions of a Muslim Community, Princeton, N.J., 1998. Idem, “The Medieval Ismāʿilis of the Iranian Lands,” in Carole Hillenbrand, ed., Studies in Honour of Clifford Edmund Bosworth II: The Sultan’s Turret: Studies in Persian and Turkish Culture, Leiden, 2000, pp. 43-81. Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin, La Religion de l’Iran Ancien, Paris, 1962; tr. as Religion of Ancient Iran, Bombay, 1973. Elke Eberhard, Osmanische Polemik gegen die Safawiden im 16. Jahrhundert nach arabischen Handschriften, Islamkundliche Untersuchungen 3, Freiburg i. Br., 1970. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa, Reḥla, ed. Karam Bostāni, Beirut, 1384/1964. Mollā Moḥammad-Moḥsen Fayż Kāšāni, al-Maḥajja al-bayżāʾ fi eḥyāʾ al-Eḥyāʾ, 4 vols., Tehran, 1960. Idem, Ketāb al-wāfi, 3 vols., Qom, 1404/1983.

Alfons Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien, Vienna, 1971. Ulrich Gehrke and Harald Mehner, Iran: Natur, Bevölkerung, Geschichte, Staat, Wirtschaft, Tübingen and Basel, 1975. Shohreh Golsorkhi, “Ismail II and Mirza Makhdum Sharifi: An Interlude in Safavid History,” IJMES 26/3, 1994, pp. 477-88. Richard Gramlich, Die schiitischen Derwischorden Persiens erster Teil: die Affiliationen, 3 vols., AKM 36, 45/2, Wiesbaden, 1965-81. Muhyî Gülşenî (Moḥyi Golšani), Menâḳıb-ı İbrâhîm Gülşenî (Manāqb-e Ebrāhim Golšani), ed., Tahsin Yazıcı, Ankara, 1982. Ḥāfeẓ Ḥosayn Karbalāʾi/Ebn Karbalāʾi Tabrizi, Rawżāt al-jenān wa jannāt al-janān, ed. Jaʿfar Solṭān-alqorrāʾi, 2 vols., Tehran, 1970. Abul Hadi Hairi, “Why did the ʿUlamāʾ Participate in the Persian Constitutional Revolution?" Die Welt des Islams 17, 1976-77, p. 144. Idem, “Shaykh Fazl Allāh Nürı’s Refutation of the Idea of Constitutionalism,” Middle Eastern Studies 13/3, October 1977, p. 331. Nād-ʿAli Hamadāni, Modarres: Si sāl šahādat, Tehran, 1981, pp. 195-219. Muhammad Hamidullah, Le Prophéte de l’Islam, Beirut, 1975, I, pp. 1059-60. Heinz Halm, Die Ausbreitung der šafiʿitischen Rechtsschule von den Anfängen bis zum 8./14. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden, 1974. Ḥamuya, al-Meṣbāḥ fi’l-Taṣawwof, ed., Najib Māyel Harawi, Tehran, 1983. Aṣil al-Din Harawi, Resāla-ye Mazārāt-e Harāt, Kabul, 1967, pp. 154-57. Patricia J. Higgins, “Minority-State Relations in Contemporary Iran,” Iranian Studies 17/1, 1984, pp. 37-71. ʿAli b. ʿOṯmān Hojviri, Kašf al-maḥjub, ed. V. Zhukovskiı*, Leningrad, 1926. Bernard Hourcade et al., Atlas d’Iran, Paris, 1998. Moḥammad Ḥorr ʿĀmeli, Tafṣil wasāʾel al-šiʿa elā aḥkām al-šariʿa, Tehran, 1376-89/1956-69. Rasul Jaʿfariān, Tāriḵ-e Tašayyoʿ dar Irān az āgāz tā qarn-e haftom-e hejri, Tehran, 1990. M. S. Khan, “The Early History of Zaydi Shiʿism in Daylamān and Gilān,” in Seyyed Hossein Nasr, ed., Mélanges offerts à Henry Corbin, Tehran, 1977, pp. 257-77. Sādeq Kiā, Noqtavian yā Pasiḵāniān, Tehran, 1961. Hans-Joachim Kissling, “Aus der Geschichte des Chalwetijje Ordens,” ZDMG 102, 1953, pp. 233-89. Abu Jaʿfar Moḥammad b. Yaʿqub Kolayni, al-Kāfi, ed. ʿAli-Akbar Ḡaffāri, 8 vols., Tehran, 1996. Ayatollah Ruḥ-Allāh Ḵomeyni, Kašf al-asrār, n.d., n.p.

A. K. S. Lambton, State and Government in Medieval Islam: An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Political Theory, the Jurists, Oxford, 1981. Guy Le Strange, Lands of the Eastern Caliphate, Cambridge, 1905. Leonard Lewisohn, “An Introduction to the History of Modern Persian Sufism, Part I: The Niʿmatullāhi Order: Persecution, Revival and Schism,” BSOAS 61/3, 1998, pp. 437-64. Idem, “An Introduction to the History of Modern Persian Sufism, Part II: A Sociocultural Profile of Shiʿism, from the Dhahabi Revival to the Present Day,” BSOAS, 62/1, 1999, pp. 36-59. Wilferd Madelung, Religious Trends in Early Islamic Iran, Columbia Lectures on Iranian Studies 4, New York, 1988. Moḥammad Jaʿfar Maḥjub, “Az fażāʾel wa manāqeb-ḵᵛāni tā rawżā-ḵᵛāni,” Iran Nameh 2/3, 1984, pp. 402-31. Moḥammad Jawād Maškur, “Fetna-ye Ḥorufiya dar Tabriz,” Barrasihā-ye tāriḵi 4/4, 1969, pp. 133-46. Fritz Meier, “Introduction to Maḥmüd b. ‘Uṯmān” Ferdows al-Moršediya, Leipzig, 1948, pp. 17-55, 65-71. Idem, “Introduction to Kobrā,” Die Fawā’iḥ al-Šamāl wa Fawātiḥ al-Šalāl, Wiesbaden, 1957. Moḥammad-Maʿṣum Širāzi Maʿṣum-ʿAlišāh, Ṭarāʾeq al-ḥaqāʾeq, ed.

Moḥammad-Jaʿfar Maḥjub, 3 vols., Tehran, n.d. Moḥammad Moḥammadi Malāyeri, Tāriḵ wa farhang-e Irān dar dawra-ye enteqāl az ʿaṣr-e Ṣafawi, Tehran, 1993. Michel Mazzaoui, The Origins of the Ṣafawids: Šiʿism, Sufism and the Ğulāt, Wiesbaden, 1972. Vladimir Minorsky, “The Sect of the Ahl-i Ḥaḳḳ,” in idem, Iranica: Twenty Articles/Bist maqāla-ye Minorskiy, Tehran, 1964, pp. 306-16. Hossein Mirjafari, “The Ḥaydari-Niʿmati Conflicts in Iran,” Iranian Studies 12/3-4, 1979, pp. 135-62. Sayyed ʿAli Mirniā, Waqāyeʿ-e ḵāvar-e Irān dar dawra-ye Qājār, Tehran, 1988. Hossein Modarressi Tabātabāʾi, An Introduction to Shiʿi Law: A Bibliographical Study, London, 1984. Jaʿfar Mohājer, al-Hejra al-ʿāmeliya elā Irān fi’l-ʿaṣr al-Ṣafawi, Beirut, 1410/1989. Moojan Momen, An Introduction to Shiʿi Islam: The History and Doctines of Twelver Shiʿism, New Haven and London, 1985. Mortażā Moṭahhari, Ḵadamāt-e motaqābel-e Eslām wa Irān, 2 vols., Qom, 1983. Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi, Religious Authority in Shiʿite Islam: From the Office of Mufti to the Institution of Marjaʿ, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Najm-al-Din Rāzi, Merṣād al-ʿebād men al-mabdaʾ ela’l-maʿād, ed, Moḥammad Amin Riāḥi, Tehran, 1986; tr. Hamid Algar as The Path of God’s Bondsmen from Origin to Return, Delmar, N.Y., 1982. Moḥammad Nasafi, Kašf al-ḥaqāʾeq, ed. Aḥmad Mahdavi Dāmḡāni, Tehran, 1980. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, “The School of Iṣpahān,” in Mian Mohammad Sharif, ed., A History of Muslim Philosophy, 2 vols., Wiesbaden, 1963-66, II, pp. 904-32. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mortaza Mutahharī, “The Religious Sciences: The Islamization of Iran,” in Camb. Hist. Iran IV, pp. 464-80. ʿAli-Aṣḡar Naẓari, Joḡrāfiā-ye jamʿiyat-e Īrān, Tehran, 1989. Abu ʿAli Ḥasan Neẓām-al-Molk Ṭusi, Siāsat-nāma, ed. Moḥammad Qazvini, Tehran, 1955. Nur-Allāh Šuštari, Majāles al-moʾmenin, 2 vols., Tehran, 1998. Il’iya Pavlovich Petrushevskiĭ, Zemledelie i agrarnye otnosheniya v Irane XIII-XIV vv., Moscow and Leningrad, 1960; tr. Karim Kešāvarz as Kešāvarzi wa monāsabāt-e arżi dar Irān: ʿahd-e Moḡol (qarnhā-ye 13 wa 14 milādi), 2 vols., Tehran, 1965. Idem, Islam v Irane v VII-XV vekakh; tr. Hubert Evans as Islam in Iran, Albany, N.Y., 1985. Xavier de Planhol, Minorités en Islam: Géographie Politique et Sociale, Paris, 1998. N. Pourjavady and P. L. Wilson, “Ismāʿīlīs and Niʿmatullāhīs,” Stud. Isl. 41, 1975, pp. 114-35. Idem, Kings of Love: The History and Poetry of Ni’matullāhi Sufi Order of Iran, Tehran, 1978, pp. 13-36. Qānun-e asāsi-e Jomhuri-e Eslāmi-e Irān, Tehran, 1991. Hyacinth Louis Rabino, Les provinces caspiennes de la Perse: le Guilan, RMM 32, 1916-17; tr. Jaʿfar Ḵomāmizāda as Welāyāt-e Dār-al-Marz-e Gilān, Tehran, 1978. Abdul Qayyum Rafiqi, Sufism in Kashmir, Varanasi, 1976, pp. 36-41. Moḥammad Šarif-Rāzi, Āṯār al-Ḥojja, Qom, 1959. ʿAbd-al-Jalil Qazvini Rāzi, Ketāb al-naqż, ed. Jalāl-al-Din Moḥaddeṯ Ormavi, 3 vols., Tehran, 1979. Jean Richard, “La conversion de Berke et les débuts de l’islamisation de la Horde d’Or,” REI 35, 1967, pp. 173-78. Helmut Ritter, “Die Anfänge der Hurufisekte,” Oriens 7, 1954, pp. 1–54. H.-R. Roemer, “The Jalayirids, Muzaffarids and Sarbadārs,” in Camb. Hist. Iran. VI, 1986, pp. 1-41. Zakariā Qazvini, Āṯār al-belād, ed. Ferdinand Wüstenfeld as Zakarija Ben Muhammad . . . el-Cazwini’s Kosmographie II: Die Denkmäler der Länder, Göttingen, 1848.

Abdulaziz Sachedina, “Ali Shariati: Ideologue of the Iranian Revolution,” in John L. Esposito, ed., Voices of Resurgent Islam, Oxford, 1983, pp. 205-10. Faḵr-al-Din ʿAli Ṣafi, Rašahāt ʿAyn al-Ḥayāt, Tashkent, 1911, pp. 66-69. Moḥammad Reżā Šafiʿi-Kadkani, “Introduction” to Jamāl-al-Din Abu Rawḥ Loṭf-Allāh, Hālāt was soḵanān-e Abu Saʿid-e Abu’l-Ḵayr, Tehran, 1988, pp. 8-20. Ḥasan Ḥosaynzāda Šānači, “Joḡrāfiā-ye ensāni-e Šiʿa dar āstāna-ye Ḡaybat,” Šiʿa-šenāsi 3/2 2005, pp. 40-56. Emanuel Sarkisyanz, Geschichte der orientalischen Völker Russlands bis 1917, Munich, 1961, pp. 221-22. Paul Schwarz, Iran im Mittelalter nach den arabischen Geographen, Leipzig, 1896-35; repr., 9 vols. in 4, Frankfurt am Main, 1993. Shaikh Aḥmad Serhendi, Maktubāt, Lahore, 1972, II, p. 92. Mast-ʿAlišāh Zayn-al-ʿĀbedin Širvāni, Bostān al-siāḥa, Tehran, 1959. John Masson Smith, Jr., The History of the Sarbadār Dynasty, 1336-1381 A.D., and Its Sources, The Hague and Paris, 1970. Šehāb-al-Din Abu Ḥafṣ Sohravardi, ʿAwāref al-maʿāref, printed as vol. 5 of Abu Ḥāmed Moḥammad Gazāli, Eḥyāʾ ʿolum al-din, 5 vols., Beirut, n.d. Solṭān ʿAlišāh, Welāyat-nāma, Tehran, 1906. Solṭān-Moḥammad Solṭān-ʿAlišāh Gonābādi, Bayān al-saʿāda fi maqāmāt al-ʿebāda, ed. and tr. Moḥammad Reżā-ḵāni and Ḥešmat-Allāh Riāżi, 4 vols., Tehran, 1993-98. Bertold Spuler, Iran in früh-islamischer Zeit, Wiesbaden, 1952; tr. Jawād Falāṭuri as Tāriḵ-e Irān dar qorun-e naḵostin-e eslāmi, Tehran, 1970. Idem, Die Mongolen in Iran: Politik, Verwaltung und Kultur der Ilchanzeit 1220-1350, Leipzig, 1955; tr. Maḥmud Mirāftāb as Tāriḵ-e Moḡol dar Irān, Tehran, 1972. Devin J. Stewart, Islamic Legal Orthodoxy: Twelver Shiite Responses to the Sunni Legal System, Salt Lake City, 1998. Faruk Sümer, Safevî devletinin kuruluşu ve gelişmesinde Anadolu Türklerinin rolü, Ankara, 1976. Maria Szuppe, Entre Timourides, Uzbeks et Safavides: questions d’histoire politique et sociale de Herat dans la premiére moitié du XVIe siécle, Paris, 1992. Moḥammad Raʾuf Tawakkoli, Tāriḵ-e taṣawwof dar Kordestān, Tehran, n.d. Ernest Tucker, “Nadir Shah and the Jaʿfari Madhhab Reconsidered,” Iranian Studies, 27, 1994, pp. 163-79. Mazlum Uyar, İmâmiyye şiasında düsünce ekolleri ahbârılik, Istanbul, 2000. Linda S. Walbridge, ed., The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid, Oxford and New York, 2001. William Montgomery Watt, The Formative Period of Islamic Thought, Edinburgh, 1973. Yāqut Ḥamawi, Moʿjam al-boldān, 5 vols., Beirut, n.d. Mo-ḥammad Mortażā Zabidi, ʿEqd al-jawhar al-ṯamin fi’l-ḏekr wa ṣoroq al-elbās wa’l-talqin, ms. Dār al-Kotob al-Meṣriya, Taṣawwof Taymur, no. 332, foll. 39a-b. ʿAbd-al-Ḥosayn Zarrinkub, Jostoju dar taṣawwof-e Irān, Tehran,cd .. 1978. Idem, Donbāla-ye Jostoju dar taṣawwof-e Irān, Tehran, 1983.

Partition
  « previous page
 
Culture of Iran Culture of Iran
 
 
   
 
Culture of IRAN   Culture of IRAN
 
Culture of IRAN   Culture of IRAN
 
Copyrights 2006 Cultureofiran.com Site By:
 
Culture of IRAN   Culture of IRAN